an extreme south-eastern European country, is the third largest island
situated in the north eastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. The shape
of the island is said to resemble a deerskin.
Its neighboring lands at the nearest coastal points are Turkey 40 miles
(64 km) to the north, Syria 60 miles (97 km) east, Lebanon 108 miles
(174 km) south-east and Egypt 230 miles (370 km) south. The island lies
between the latitudes 34° 33' and 35° 41 north and longitudes 32° 15'
and 34° 35' east, with total area of 9,251 sq kilometers (3,572 sq
miles) and a coastline of 486 miles (782 km).
Cyprus has been divided into two parts, North and South
Cyprus, since 1974. Greek Cypriots occupy the south part while the
Turkish Cypriots occupy remaining one third of northern part. A boundary
known as the ‘Green Line’ which runs through Nicosia , the capital
of both South and North Cyprus, separates the two states.
There are six districts that make the administration
units in Cyprus (Nicosia, Famagusta, Pafos, Limassol, Larnaka, and
Kyrenia). Many of the villages in Nicosia, Famagusta and Larnaka
districts are included in the occupied part of Cyprus, Kyrenia district
is occupied in total area.
of Cyprus is characterized by mountains, plains and
beaches. The two highest mountain ranges of Cyprus are
Troodos, that covers most of the southern and western
portions of the island, and Besparmak which runs along
most of the north coastline. The mountains are separated
by the Central Mesaoria Plain that extends the length of
the island from east to west and is generally marked as a
breadbasket of Cyprus as of the production of cereal crops
such as wheat, barley and oats.
The climate in Cyprus is typically Mediterranean, with significant
differences in the seasons. Summers are warm and dry, while the winters
rainy and mild.
The nature/flora of Cyprus is varied enough to please everyone, from the
visitor who just wants to see valleys full of anemones to the serious
botanist. Undoubtedly, spring is the time for anyone who wants to see
the most prolific color and greatest variety of flower.
Cyprus boasts many clean and intact sandy beaches in the
world which 25% of the Green Turtles of the Mediterranean visit to lay
their eggs during the months of July and August.
info| basic facts | history
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